Genu valgum is the Latin-derived term used to describe knock-knee deformity. While many otherwise healthy children have knock-knee. Genu valgum, or knock-knees, is a condition where the knees touch but the ankles do not. It appears most frequently in young children and can. ll✅ Información y Tratamiento sobre el Genu Varo y Valgo, (malformaciones de las piernas también conocidas como “Piernas Arqueadas” o “Rodillas Valgas”).

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Sign up for a free Medical News Today account to customize your medical and health news experiences. In most cases, the child will grow out of their knock-knees and there is little cause for concern. In instances where this does not happen, or where genu valgum develops later in life, formal treatment may be needed. Genu valgum is more gemu referred to as knock-knees.

When someone with genu valgum vaalgo with their knees together, there is a sizeable gap between the ankles of about 2 to 3 inches. The knees will appear to push in towards each other. This condition is fairly common, affecting more than 20 percent of 3-year-olds. In most young children, the condition will naturally correct itself.

Only 1 percent of children age 7 years are still affected. In rare cases, genu valgum may continue into adolescence. In other cases, older children may develop it as a result of an underlying disease or condition. Most of the time, genu valgum cannot be prevented. However, there are various treatment options available that may help ease some of the symptoms.

Knock-knee that develops as a result of an underlying condition can be prevented if the cause is identified and treated.

There are several potential causes of genu valgum, including metabolic bone disorders and genetic disorders. Most cases of genu valgum, however, are harmless. Symptoms of genu valgum include an obvious visual separation of the ankles when the knees vaglo together. The individual’s gait is also likely to be affected as they compensate for the lack of gap between their knees. Genu valgum is not typically diagnosed in younger children, as the condition is common in valvo development.


In older children and adults, a doctor will attempt to diagnose the cause of valo valgum. The cause will determine if any treatment is needed to correct the condition.

Vlago formally diagnose genu valgum, a doctor would need to look at a person’s medical history. Questions will include information about family history and any other known pre-existing conditions that might cause knock-knees. If pain is present, a doctor will likely ask a person to identify where it is located, how severe it is, and when it occurs.

A doctor may look for uneven wear patterns on the soles of the person’s shoe fenu well. In some cases, a doctor may order an MRI or Valog to examine the bone structure. Treatment for genu valgum will largely depend on the cause and severity of the condition.

Typical treatment options may include some of the following:. If an underlying disease is causing genu valgum, the disease will need to be treated first in order to correct the leg alignment. This may be treated with medications and supplements. A doctor may recommend some simple exercises and stretches or refer a person to a physical therapist. Exercises and stretching can help strengthen muscles of the legs and realign the knees. Genj doctor or physical therapist will recommend exercises based on vaalgo person’s gait.

The exercise routine will likely include plans to add weights or switch the routine as the muscles develop. If a person is carrying excessive body weightit can be a contributing factor to genu valgum. Extra weight puts additional valgk on the legs and knees, which can cause knock-knees to worsen.

A doctor will likely recommend that a person who is overweight lose weight through a combination of diet and exercise. Orthotics are inserts placed in the shoes to help correct a person’s gait or the way their foot strikes the ground when they walk or run. This may be especially helpful for people with genu valgum who have one leg that is longer than the other. Braces or splints may be used for some children in addition to or instead of orthotics. The braces are designed to help the bones grow in the correct position.

Surgery is not typically the first treatment choice for a person with genu valgum.

▷ Genu Varo y Valgo: Información y Tratamiento 【】

Surgery is usually reserved for valbo following cases:. For children, a procedure called guided growth surgery is often used. A surgeon inserts a small piece of metal into the knee. This metal plate helps the bone grow in the correct direction. Once the bone is aligned correctly, further surgery is done to remove the metal plate. In adults and older teens, osteotomy may be used.

A to Z: Genu Valgum

Similar to guided growth surgery, osteotomy involves a surgeon inserting a small metal plate into the knee. The plate is used as a permanent brace to keep the knee correctly aligned and will not be removed. In rare cases, a doctor may recommend a knee replacement. In this case, an artificial knee that has been correctly aligned will resolve the genu valgum.


In almost all cases of genu valgum, the condition will resolve itself before a child reaches adolescence. For older children and adults, the most likely form of therapy involves stretches and exercises to realign the knees vzlgo relieve pain. Some people might find relief with orthotics or braces. In some severe cases, surgery may be necessary, but it is usually a last resort as other therapies tend to be effective in treating genu valgum.

Treating genu valgum in adults and older children is important. When va,go, it can lead to further health problems with joints and muscles, including osteoporosis. Article last reviewed by Thu 2 November All references are available in the References tab. Angular deformities of the lower limb in children. Asian Journal of Sports Medicine1 1 valggo, 46— Valgus malalignment is a risk factor geju lateral knee osteoarthritis incidence and progression: Arthritis and Rheumatism65 2— The role of knee alignment in disease progression and functional decline vakgo knee osteoarthritis [Abstract].

Journal of the American Medical Association2— Determining the best treatment for coronal angular deformity of the knee joint in growing children: MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media.

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Reviewed by William Morrison, MD. Table of contents What is genu valgum? Causes Symptoms Diagnosis Treatment Outlook. Genu valgum, or knock-knees, is common in children and usually resolves itself before puberty. BioMed Central,August Everything you need to know about rickets. Rickets is a condition that can lead to misshapen legs. It results from a lack of vitamin D.

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X-rays may be used to diagnose genu valgum. If other treatment options do not relieve the symptoms of genu valgum, then surgery may be recommended. This content requires JavaScript to be enabled.